今天要來為大家介紹牛津字典新辭語,給大家讓大家知道最新的牛津字典新辭語唷

~

 

媒體英語會帶大家一起學習BBC撰稿人在報導世界大事時常用到的單詞和短語。

Background: 國際潮流和重大事態直接影響語言的發展,比如在國內度假 (staycation) 和嗚嗚祖拉 vuvuzela 就是其中的兩個例子。最新版的牛津英語字典中就增加了2000個時髦詞語。

 

The new words which have been added to the Oxford Dictionary of English all reflect global trends and events.

From the World Cup, in South Africa , who could forget the piercing monotone of the 'vuvuzela'.

Due to the credit crunch, people are forced to take holidays at home, so instead of a vacation in which you vacate the country, you stay, hence 'staycation'.

A close but non-sexual relationship between two men is a 'bromance' - a portmanteau word, from 'brother' and 'romance'. An example of this sort of relationship could be that between the leaders of Britain 's coalition government, David Cameron and Nick Clegg. Oh, they could also be 'frenemies' - friends who are also rivals.

Sara Hawker is one of the editors of the Oxford Dictionary of English. She says a lot of work goes into deciding which words should be added.

"The words we include in our dictionary are all based on evidence.We have enormous databases of current English which we analyse and we only put words into the dictionary if we've got significant evidence that they are being used by different people in different contexts, so we never put anything in unless there is a lot of evidence of it being used."

Other words which are now also included are 'chillax', an amalgamation of chill and relax, so calm down. And 'buzzkill', something or someone with adispiriting effect. Basically, they or it, kill your buzz.

But of course Twitter and Facebook have brought about 'social media', and with it 'tweet up', a meeting organised via Twitter. If the coalition between David Cameron and Nick Clegg broke down, they might go into their Facebook accounts and 'defriend' each other.

Glossary 辭彙表

piercing monotone刺耳的單音

credit crunch信貸危機

bromance兄弟情

a portmanteau word合成詞

amalgamation合併

frenemies友敵

significant evidence重大證據

chillax放鬆冷靜

buzzkill掃興的, 潑冷水的

dispiriting感到掃興的

defriend從好友名單上除名

 

今天來和大家分享牛津字典新辭語,希望下次看到這些字,不要說看不懂這些單字唷!想要增加你的第二專長,快加入TOEIC師訓

資料來源:http://www.bbc.co.uk/ukchina/simp/elt/media_english/100820_me_100_new_words_story.shtml

arrow
arrow
    全站熱搜

    小依 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()